The DEMIG-QuantMig Migration Policy Database tracks more than 7,600 migration policy changes enacted by 31 European (EU and non-EU) countries for the period 1990 to 2020. It is an extension of the DEMIG POLICY dataset (Determinants of International Migration). DEMIG-QuantMig assesses for each policy measure whether it represents a change towards more restrictiveness (coded +1) or less restrictiveness (coded -1) within the existing legal system. Besides this main assessment of change in restrictiveness, every policy change is also coded according to the policy area (border control, legal entry, integration, exit), policy tool (recruitment agreements, work permit, expulsion, quota, regularization, resettlement, carrier sanctions, etc.), migrant group (low- and high-skilled workers, family members, refugees, irregular migrants, students etc.) and migrant origin (all foreign nationalities, EU citizens, specific nationalities etc.) targeted. The database has been compiled by the DEMIG and Quantmig teams and reviewed by national migration policy experts.

Policy areas

Policy changes in border and land control, legal entry and stay, integration, and exit.


Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, German Democratic Republic, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, and Yugoslavia




More information about the latest update of the data available on the website of the QuantMig project: All relevant accompanying documents for the data can be found on the website of the original DEMIG project:

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